While serving in India as A.D.C. to the Governor-General (1836 to 1840) Lord Auckland, young lieutenant Alexander Cunningham conceived an ingenious scheme of misusing archaeological studies far long- term political ends.
Later in pursuit of that plot, Cunningham addressed a letter dated Sept 15, l942(When he was 28 years old) to Col. Sykes, a Director of the British East India Company in London.
In those days, the British were busy consolidating their newly won empire in India. Consequently, there was a keen, inborn, patriotic desire in the heart of every Britisher then serving in India to suggest to his superior ways in which India could be kept under British rule to serve as a permanent milch cow.
Young Cunningham, an army engineer, had no training either in history or archaeology. Yet, he had a cunning, brainy idea of misusing archaeology to subserve British imperial interests. As an A.D.C., he was close to Britain’s top administrator in India, the Governor-General. Through the letter, Cunningham had an approach to the Director of the British East India Company. In his lengthy letter dated September 15, 1842, Cunningham unveiled his diabolic plan suggesting that archaeological exploration in India “would be an undertaking of vast importance to the (British) Indian government politically and to the British public religiously (and that the) establishment of the Christian religion in India, must ultimately succeed.’ (That letter may be seen on page 246, Vol. 7, Journal of the Royal Society, London, 1843)
So, the whole purpose of archaeological exploration in India was neither the study nor preservation of historical monuments, but to use archaeology as an imperial tool to create mutual dissensions and resentment between Buddhists, Jains, other Hindus, and Muslims by falsely crediting all Monuments as far as possible to align Muslim invaders and label a few as Buddhist or Jain but not Hindu.
Later Percy Brown, James Fergusson, Sir Kenneth Clarke, Sir Bannister
Fletcher and Encyclopedia Britannica orchestrated the same cunning tune of Cunningham. That resulted in firmly establishing and perpetuating a colossal archaeological fraud, which is being sedulously taught worldwide as profound academic truth and is echoed in newspaper articles, Tourist guides, and telecasts.
Cunningham’s suggestion was highly appreciated. After retiring from the army as a Major General, he was straightaway appointed the first archaeological surveyor of India in 1861 as Director from 1862 to 1865 and as Director-General from 1871 to 1885.
The ASI was mysteriously closed for six years. During this time, Cunningham was cunningly hatching his archaeological chickens by nesting a false imaginative Muslim history of numerous Monuments and putting up contrived notices at historic sites.
Those archaeological notices composed by Cunningham’s scheming brain are notorious for their vagueness. Without quoting any historical authority, they blandly assert that a certain Fakir or Sultan probably built a particular township, building, tower, or fort, perhaps around such a period. The architectural style displays some Buddhist or Jain influence.
Usually, visitors to historic sites are in a hurry. They are generally content with having a visual impression of the place. And they also presume that notice put up by experts could not be wrong. But they are unaware that
the archaeological notes in India are blatant concoctions of an alien
imperialist, whose design was to use archaeology as an instrument to perpetuate British rule in India and to convert everybody in India to Christianity.
His superiors, therefore, promoted and encouraged Cunningham’s sinister plan in every way. Soon after he is appointed archaeological surveyor, Cunningham took two assistants J. D. Scalar and Carlisle. From 1861 to 1865, they made a list of important historical monuments throughout India.
After that, the Archaeological Survey of India was suddenly closed for five long years to enable Cunningham to prepare we fabricated archaeological files and put up corresponding false notices at historic sites.
Once all the manipulative work was done, the A.S.I. reopened with a flourish in 1870. Ever since all those who have been studying history or archaeology are quoting Cunningham’s vague descriptions about the origins
Consequently, persons working around the world as teachers, readers, professors, or experts in Muslim (Saracenic) architecture in museums, colleges, universities, or in media are all victims of academic fraud. Students can apply a little common sense and realize that Mughals and Britishers invaded India to plunder or make lofty monuments in India?